Multicultural education in a pluralistic society.
Nonetheless, preservice teachers can have a variety of direct, participatory cross cultural experiences within surrounding local communities. Such an analytical perspective provides a narrow, fragmented description of complex behavior.
Knowing that certain culturally preferred behaviors such as not responding to direct questions or a need for mobility may be misinterpreted as learning disabilities helps teachers avoid erroneous conclusions.
Awareness of the cultural underpinnings of logic and thought inclines multicultural teachers to make their thinking explicit to students, to be less judgmental of students' reasoning, and to look beyond learning disabilities to cultural and linguistic differences that may explain students' academic performance.
An overview of cross-disciplinary teaching methods and strategies that meet the needs of diverse student populations.
Ultimately, only in a safe, nonthreatening, nonjudgmental environment that truly respects diversity of thought and opinion will students frankly share their opinions, beliefs, and perceptions.
An introductory course explores the multiple interpretations and definitions of multicultural education so that preservice teachers discern the underlying beliefs, assumptions, and goals inherent in each perspective.
Furthermore, to bring into the classroom a multicultural and multiethnic perspective that supports diversity, teachers must have the information so they can share it with their students.
Perceptions and attitudes, like self-concept, are clearly difficult to assess because of their complex and rather covert nature. Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich College Publishers. Representation of minority students in special education classes.
Homogeneity of Teachers Although almost a third of all elementary and secondary school students are from minority populations Gay,the racial and ethnic composition of American teachers remains essentially nonminority.
Institute for Educational Leadership. Remedial and Special Education, 8, pp. Recruiting and selecting teachers for urban schools. The researchers tested a hypothesis that suggested interdependence would make people focus on others and away from themselves. Nor does it imply an inability to think in ways that deviate from the pervading cultural perspective.
Despite the growing cultural, racial, and ethnic diversity in American classrooms, teacher educators continue "training future educators in the pedagogy of decades past and pretending that their graduates will teach in schools with white, highly motivated, achievement-oriented, suburban, middle-class students from two parent families" Irvine,p.
Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 18 4Consequently, to be effective and equitable teachers, education students must understand and appreciate human diversity. Through knowledge of key areas of cultural miscommunication and awareness of cross-cultural communicative strategies, teachers can approach cross-cultural communication with greater confidence, sensitivity, and awareness.
The result is greater social, cultural, and academic distance. After all, humans are capable of learning; consequently, people develop cognitive flexibility and see more than one perspective. SCOPE, 91 3pp.
Second, preservice teachers must gain cultural competence, that is, the ability to function comfortably in cross-cultural settings and to interact harmoniously with people from cultures that differ from their own. Teaching subject matter to language minority children in a linguistically comprehensible manner.
A university that values diversity, offers multiple opportunities for interpersonal cross-cultural communication, incorporates a diversity of opinions and ideas, and explicitly acknowledges the contributions many groups made to our nation, the sciences, the arts, and literature.
Status of the American public school teacher.
Furthermore, the effect of ethnicity on cognitive and motivational styles within an ethnic group persists across social-class segments Banks, World literature recognizes our commonalities while exploring a diversity of literary forms and outward expressions of human emotions.
For example, Philips observes that among adult Indians on the Warm Springs reservation, talk always accompanies their work and recreational activities. Although immersion in the cultural setting is ideal for developing sensitivity and first-hand understanding of the fears, anxieties, frustrations, joys, and wonder of living in an unfamiliar environment, it is not always practical.
Through these courses, future teachers become familiar with the musical traditions of several cultures, explore the variety of musical expression, and examine the meaning music has for its people.
Family involvement in and support of education invite academic success. Americans and people from Western cultures are particularly challenged in their ability to understand someone else’s point of view because they are part of a culture that encourages individualism. We are still talking about interpersonal communication and how this is a tree that branches out too many direction, one of those being perception in a relationship.
Perception is abnormal and one sided, it is truly biased and egoistic. It is a singularity, a point of view that is gathered from a distinct perspective in time.
Instead, the multicultural person is recognized by a configuration of outlooks and world-view, by how the universe as a dynamically moving process is incorporated, by the way the interconnectedness of life is reflected in thought and action, and by the way this woman or man remains open to.
Given a global view of multicultural education, future teachers can clarify their own perspective of multicultural education. 2. Opportunities for reflection on how culture and gender shape our behavior, beliefs, expectations, values, identity, and personal biases.
Multicultural awareness is an essential helping skill; as humans, cultural identity “is central to what we see, how we make sense of what we see, and how we express ourselves” (DuPraw & Axner, ).
How does an adult educator demonstrate that he/she is using appropriate modification strategies for assignments, instructions, and assessments for diverse adult learners?
2. How might a multicultural point of view or perspective affect interpersonal relationships in an adult learning setting? 3.How might a multicultural point of view or perspective affect interpersonal relationships in an adul